If you consider yourself a connoisseur of wine, you may have an interest in learning how to make your very own wine right at home. At first it sounds like it would be fairly complicated, however it can be easily made at home. Before you start though, there are a few basic steps required in the process.
To start with you will either need to grow your own grapes or find a good quality grape concentrate to use. There’s also quite a bit of brewing equipment involved, which can get pricey if bought separately, so for your first attempt it may make sense to purchase a win kit with everything included. In addition, you’re going to need some yeast.
The winemaking process is done in five to eight steps. Of course the process is a bit more tedious if you are growing and using your own grapes for this purpose. Once ripened, the grapes will need to be harvested and the stems removed by hand.
Once the stems are removed, you will need to break the skins of the grapes so the juice can be released from the fruit. Most winemakers do this by crushing the grapes. The extent to which you crush the fruit will affect the wine in the end. If you are trying to create a wine with a fruity aroma, it is best to leave the grapes nearly intact.
Next, primary fermentation will take place. This is when the yeast cells within the wine feed on the sugars. This produces alcohol and carbon dioxide.
Once the primary fermentation process is complete, more juice is extracted from the grapes. The juice extracted during this step is not usually as good a quality as the “free run juice” you extracted during the initial crushing phase. This is because the juice obtained, which is called “the pressing,” hasn’t had as much contact with the skins and stems as the initial free run juice.
Once the pressing phase is complete a secondary fermentation takes place while the wine is in the process of aging. Since you’re the winemaker, you will be the one determining how long your wine should ferment.
You have the option of blending the wine, which is something winemakers do when they’re trying to create a very unique or customized wine.
You may want to add sulfites to bring an end to the fermentation process, which also acts as a preservative. The very last step in the process of winemaking is bottling. You will pour the wine into individual bottles and seal them with a cork.
Winemaking at home can certainly be interesting as well as enjoyable. There is a lot more to learn about the process, and as you gain this knowledge you will begin to appreciate fine wines even more.